February 16, 2014
The soles of our feet must withstand all the pressure placed upon them during our lifetime by walking, running and standing. According to Foot Pain Info, there are 26 bones and associated ligaments in the foot, structured to allow the foot to function as a shock absorber and a lever. Foot pain can affect any part of the foot. Pain on the sole of the foot can be felt under the heel, in the middle of the foot under the arch and under the ball of the foot due to a variety of conditions. Plantar Fasciitis and Heels Spurs Trauma whether acute or repeated on the foot is a great cause of foot pain The trauma is usually as a result of forces outside of the body either directly impacting the body or forcing the body into a position where a single or many forces result in damage of the body structure. Poor biomechanical bone alignment also causes pain in the foot. Tying shoes very tightly can also lead to the pain or even bruising at the top of the foot. Tendon injury known as Achilles tendonitis is also a cause of pain in feet. Long term effects could be corns, bunions and joint and nerve irritation. Foot pain, more commonly known as arch pain takes place when an injury is caused to the structures that establish contact with the external environment. There are many reasons behind occurrence of such type of pain. Inadequate biochemical alignment, muscle sprain, ligament stretch and joint fractures are the common reasons behind aching feet. This requires immediate diagnosis. Top of foot usually pains due to excessive use while running or walking over uneven landscapes. Overuse induces fatigue in the muscles of foot. The clinical conditions that give rise to foot pain during activities are flat feet, bursitis, bunions or due to presence of calluses on feet. When the reason for foot pain is not known, it is important to let your doctor check for any underlying conditions you may have. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis can both cause foot pain. Diabetes can also cause you to experience foot pain. When this occurs, it is referred to Hammer Toes as diabetic neuropathy. This is a nerve pain that is intense and can cause your toes to cramp. For a diabetic, good blood glucose control can help prevent the pain. Once your doctor determines the cause of your foot pain, treating the pain will be easier. Prevention and Treatment You can also develop foot problems in you heels. While this heel pain is very common , it can begin without any injury being caused to the foot. You will usually feel the pain under the heel of the foot. It is generally present when you are standing or walking. The time that the pain is the worst is when you are getting out of bed. The cause of these foot problems is that the tissues on the sole of the foot have become inflamed. The place where the inflammation is the worst is the heel area. For this you need to go to a podiatrist a podiatrist is a foot specialist who gets the knowledge and experience after years of studies. A podiatrist can tell you about the problem of and the type of pain you are suffering from by checking your foot. The most common questions a podiatrist can ask you could be; what type of shoes you normally wear and what type of physical activities you perform that might be resulting in foot pain It is not necessary that the podiatrist can tell you about the problem just by looking at your foot sometimes several equipments utilize for this job to be done. Achilles tendonitis can really put a damper on anyone's day. The shrinkage of this vital tendon can cause contracting in the lower leg. It can also be a major contributor to becoming so short that it eventually tears. The way to help the tendon relax and elongate in order to lessen pain is to administer gentle stretching to the area. Sit on the floor with both legs extended in a seated position. Then, slowly lean the upper body forward and the hamstring will begin to stretch out. Hold the stretch for about 30 seconds, rest for 60 seconds, and repeat 5 times.